What is Monkeypox? Know Its Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

Monkeypox is a viral disease like smallpox. Found mostly in areas of Africa, this is a rare, but dangerous viral disease. According to WHO, anyone infected by this virus suffers from rashes and flu-like symptoms, such as chills, and fever.  The virtual disease is also categorized as orthopoxvirus (a genus of viruses responsible for causing smallpox). While the outbreak is endemic to Africa, WHO has declared the disease a global health emergency.

Causes of Monkeypox

The ongoing outbreak of monkeypox is caused by coming into contact with an animal that is infected by the virus. In addition, skin-to-skin contact with an infected person and a double-stranded enveloped virus of the Orthopoxvirus genus are also the cause of the disease.

The transmission between animal to person occurs through broken skin (scratches, bites), or through contact with the pox lesions (sores) or blood of any infected bodily fluids.

Symptoms of Monkeypox

Early symptoms of monkeypox (0-5 days)) are fever, headache, exhaustion, chills, sweat, backache, sore throat, and cough. Lymphadenopathy, which is swollen and painful lumps underarm, in front of ears, neck, head, groin, or lower limbs regions, is also a symptom. It can occur on one side or both sides of your body.

Treatment and Prevention

So far, no treatment is available for monkeypox. However, the smallpox vaccine reduces the risk, according to medical sciences. And one can prevent the spread of disease by following the below preventive measures:

  • Washing hands with soap and water frequently
  • Eating well-cooked mutton or chicken or other food that includes animals
  • Avoiding contact with infected animals
  • Keeping distance from contaminated bedding and other materials
  • Staying away from individuals who are infected with the virus.
  • Wearing a mask to completely cover your nose and mouth
  • Using personal protective equipment (PPE) when caring for the infected people

To conclude, monkeypox is a virtual disease, spread across the world. To break the chain of the disease, it is good to follow the preventive measures mentioned above.

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